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Virtual Machine on TrueNAS SCALE

Creating a Network Bridge

A network bridge will be needed for running a VM inside of SCALE and to be able to reach the SCALE host-machine. To create a Bridge network, open your TrueNAS Scale WebUI and go to the Network tab.

Acquiring Interface Settings

  1. Note down the interface IP Address and the Subnet mask of your currently used interface

  2. Click on Edit on the currently used interface

  3. Disable “DHCP” and remove all “Aliases” by clicking on the x next to them

  4. Create the Network Bridge as described in the following section

The Network Interface should then look like this:

Network Interface

Creating the Network Bridge

  1. Click on Add in the top-right corner of the interfaces section

  2. Select the type Bridge and give it a Name. Note that this name cannot be changed afterwards, so you might want to add a meaningful description to it

  3. Add your network interface as a Bridge Member. (In this example: enp6so)

  4. Set the MTU to “1500”

  5. In the Alias section, click on Add to create a new IP address field

  6. Enter the IP address and Subnet mask you previously took note of

  7. Click Test Changes and confirm the prompt. Wait a bit for the UI to become responsive again

Network Changes

  1. Click on Save Changes to save the changes you have made

  2. If something goes wrong and the UI stays unresponsive, the changes will be reverted after 60 seconds.

The bridge should now look similar to this one when done:

Network Bridge

Creating the ZVOL storage for the VM

  1. Start by going to the Datasets section of your TrueNAS Scale WebUI

  2. The size should be between 500GiB and 1000GiB

  3. Make sure to select the Sparse option

  4. We do not recommend to encrypt the dataset

  5. Set the block size to 128KiB

  6. After you are done it should look similar to this:

ZVOL Creation

Creating the VM

  1. Start by going to the Virtualization section of your TrueNAS Scale WebUI

  2. If you want to assign a GPU to the VM, make sure to isolate the GPU first

  3. Click on Add Virtual Machines

  4. We also highly suggest users to set a fixed DHCP-Lease (aka static IP) for your VM inside your modem/router.

Operating System

Select the options like shown below:

Make sure to remember the password you have selected

VM Operating System

CPU And Memory

  1. Select the amount of Cores and set the Threads to 2 if your CPU supports HyperThreading like in the example below. We suggest you to add available Host-Cores minus 1 for your host system

  2. Make sure to allocate enough RAM towards your VM with the Memory Size setting.

Minimum Amount of RAM: 8GB

Minimum Recommended Amount of RAM: 16GB

VM CPU And Memory

Disks

Select the previously created ZVOL for your VM as shown below:

VM Disks

Network Interfaces

Change the Attach NIC to the Bridge you created in the beginning of the guide

VM Network

Installation Media

  1. Download the Talos Linux Image here and save it to your PC

  2. Click on Upload New Image File in the VM Creation Screen and choose Choose File and select the downloaded ISO. Make sure to select a location on your SCALE host where you want to save your ISO to. An example can be seen below:

VM Installation Media

VM ISO

GPU

Make sure your GPU is isolated before you try to assign it to your VM. If you don’t want to assign a GPU to your VM, just click Next and skip this part of the guide.

VM GPU

Confirm Options

If you followed this guide correctly, the options shown should look similar to the screenshot below. Make sure everything is correct and then click on Save to finish the VM setup.

VM Confirm

GPU Isolation

  1. Go to System Settings > Advanced in your SCALE UI and scroll down to the section Isolated GPU Device(s)

  2. Click on Configure on the top right of the section and close the warning

  3. Select the GPU you want to Isolate and use for your VM in the dropdown. Like shown here

GPU Isolate

  1. Click Save. This might take a bit

  2. It should now show your isolated GPU in the section. You may need to hard-refresh your browser’s page with CTRL + F5 for it to update due to SCALE GUI issues.

Fixed DHCP Lease

Below you can find 2 examples on how to set a fixed DHCP Lease for UniFi and Fritzbox hardware.

UniFi

  1. Open your UniFi UI and go to the Client View (highlighted in blue on the screenshot)

  2. Click on the Client that represents your VM (not your SCALE Host System)

  3. Select Fixed IP-Address in the pop-up menu on the right, enter the IP address you’d like to reserve for the VM, and hit Apply Changes. Note that you will need to restart the VM from within SCALE to get it to update its IP address if you changed it.

DHCP UniFi

FritzBox

  1. Go to your FritzBox web-interface. Navigate to Home Network> Network and select the running VM (not your SCALE Host System)

  2. Click on the Edit button and scroll down to the IP-Address in Home Network sectio

  3. Check Always give this device the same IP.

DHCP FritzBox (screenshot in german)

TalConfig Examples

Here are a few examples you can copy-paste into talconfig to setup the above VMs to run Talos.

Single-Node Cluster or Master-Node

By default we ensure qemu guest additions are always loaded for all master-nodes. It’s important to note that for master nodes, we use static IPs for referencing them after they are initially initialised using a Fixed DHCP lease.

- hostname: k8s-control-1
ipAddress: ${MASTER1IP}
controlPlane: true
nameservers:
- 8.8.8.8
- 1.1.1.1
installDiskSelector:
size: <= 100TB
networkInterfaces:
- interface: eth0
addresses:
- ${MASTER1IP}/24
routes:
- network: 0.0.0.0/0
gateway: ${GATEWAY}
vip:
ip: ${VIP}

Worker Node

By default we ensure qemu guest additions are always loaded for all worker-nodes. Workernodes can be pretty basic and should “just work”.

- hostname: k8s-worker-1
ipAddress: 192.168.10.111
nameservers:
- 8.8.8.8
- 1.1.1.1
installDiskSelector:
size: <= 600GB